Interim report on the ORNL absolute measurements of [prompt neutrons] for p252s Cf
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Interim report on the ORNL absolute measurements of [prompt neutrons] for p252s Cf by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Engineering Physics Division.

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Published by Dept. of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Oak Ridge, Tenn, [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Nuclear fission,
  • Prompt neutrons -- Measurement,
  • Californium -- Isotopes

Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementR. R. Spencer ... [et al.] ; prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory
SeriesORNL/TM ; 6805
ContributionsSpencer, R. R.
The Physical Object
Paginationii, 81 p. :
Number of Pages81
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14881842M

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  G. Edwards, D.J.S. Findlay, and E.W. Lees, Measurements of prompt ν ¯ and variance for the spontaneous fission of Cf and Pu, Annals of Nuclear Energy 9 () – ν p = 3. ± 0. The neutron yield per fission of a Cf fission chamber was measured in the Harwell oil-moderated assembly of BF 3 proportional Cited by: 1.   In all measurements referred to in this paper 25~Cf was used as a standard and fission neutrons were observed in coincidence with fission fragments and/or prompt fission 9,-rays. The loaded liquid scintillator tank was used in most experiments as a neutron detector, while in the work of Nesterov et aL and Meadows and Whalen neutrons were Cited by: 3. Fast neutrons have energy greater than 1 eV, MeV or approximately 1 MeV, depending on the de nition. Slow neutrons have an energy less than or equal eV. Epithermal neutrons have energy from to 1 eV. Hot neutrons have energy of about eV. Thermal neutrons have energy of about eV. Cold neutrons have energy from 5x eV to. • Need to know absolute efficiency of the detectors. • Absolute neutron flux (). Material Bottle (UCN) Measure change in number of confined neutrons as a function of storage time. • Loss mechanisms (wall interactions). Need to be controlled to better than 10%. • Monte-Carlo unreliable. • Spectrum evolution. • Large draining time.

  The empirical calculations of the prompt neutrons average number for photofission of the Th, U, U, U, U, U, Np, Pu and Am actinides has been done as a function of photon energy, mass and charge of the nuclei, which can be used to evaluate the average number for photo-fission of nuclides for which no or scarce data are available. Prompt and Delayed Neutrons. It is known the fission neutrons are of importance in any chain-reacting system. Neutrons trigger the nuclear fission of some nuclei ( U, U or even Th).What is crucial the fission of such nuclei produces 2, 3 or more free neutrons.. But not all neutrons are released at the same time following the nature of creation of these neutrons is. Prompt and Delayed Neutrons. It is known the fission neutrons are of importance in any chain-reacting system. Neutrons trigger the nuclear fission of some nuclei ( U, U or even Th).What is crucial the fission of such nuclei produces 2, 3 or more free neutrons. With its more intense, brighter source of neutrons and world-class instrument suite, SNS provides the neutron scattering community with unprecedented research opportunities. The facility allows for measurements of greater sensitivity, higher speed, and higher resolution and in more complex sample environments than have been possible at other.

  OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Aug. 9, —The Spallation Neutron Source at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has reached a new milestone by operating a complete neutron production run cycle at megawatts. Multi-parametric Measurement of Neutrons and Fission Fragments for U(nth, f) Fig. PPAC I.. / U Target - 1 Experimental arrangement - for the simultaneous measurement of neutrons and fission fiagments for U(nth, f) The distance is designated with cm unit. s E p M s =+1/2 M s =-1/2 Circularly polarized photons, S=1, on atomic resonance E p-E s One photon is absorbed Only ∆M=±1 allowed Atom in excited state can decay back to either ground state Keep absorbing photon again and again, eventually all ground state atoms in M s =-1/2 substate Finally: hyperfine interaction between -> electron is.   (). Multi-parametric Measurement of Prompt Neutrons and Fission Fragments for U(n th, f) Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology: Vol. 35, No. 9, pp.